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THE WORLD UPSIDE DOWN. TERRITORIALIDAD, NACIONALIZACIÓN E IMPERIO EN LAS VISIONES BRITÁNICAS DE LA AMÉRICA ESPAÑOLA (1824-1850)

Rodrigo Escribano Roca

Resumen


“Llamé a la existencia a un Nuevo Mundo, para devolver el equilibrio al viejo”, había afirmado el Secretario de Asuntos Exteriores, George Canning, con el fin de justificar su reconocimiento diplomático de la independencia de las repúblicas de la América española. Sin embargo, durante las décadas que siguieron, la opinión pública del Reino Unido estuvo lejos de comprender los contornos precisos de aquellos nuevos mundos republicanos. El artículo estudia cómo las emancipaciones ultramarinas inspiraron en las élites políticas del Reino Unido una expectativa de hegemonía informal que preveía la rápida nacionalización de los territorios republicanos. Esta se concebía como garantía para la correcta penetración de los intereses británicos en la región. A su vez, el trabajo analiza cómo esta expectativa se vio rápidamente problematizada por un conjunto de memorias, relatos de viaje, diarios de exploración y ensayos escritos por agentes británicos que habían tenido una experiencia directa de los procesos de articulación territorial de los nacientes Estados. En este contexto, triunfó una visión más compleja de las territorialidades ultrama- rinas: se continuó imaginando a los nuevos espacios soberanos como un campo de expansión abierto al capital, la cultura y el poder geopolítico de los británicos, pero ahora en base a una representación más consciente de la heterogeneidad y precariedad de los procesos de territorialización que tenían lugar en la región. El artículo propone así una inspección novedosa de la relación entre los imaginarios geopolíticos del imperialismo informal británico y los procesos de nacionalización de los territorios republicanos en la América española.


Palabras clave: territorialidad, imperialismo informal, nacionalización del espacio, imaginarios geopolíticos.


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Referencias


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